Medigram Vol 25
Zika is a viral illness which causes mild symptoms resembling influenza in most individuals: fever, rash, joint and muscle achiness, headaches, conjunctivitis (red eyes), etc. Hospitalization is very rarely needed, and there is no specific vaccine, or treatment other than rest, fluids, and medications to bring down the temperature and relieve pain. Acetaminophen should be used for this purpose, but not aspirin or NSAIDs (Motrin, Advil, etc.). The condition is self-limited and typically resolves within a week. As with many other viral infections, a very few patients can develop a neurologic complication known as Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS), which can persist for a long time. Zika can be definitively diagnosed by blood or urine testing of suspected cases.